CBD Oil Side Effects: What You Need to Know
CBD oil is quickly gaining a reputation as an exciting natural health product, and research shows there is evidence to back up many of the health claims made about CBD oil.
But what about its side effects?
While CBD oil can be effective in treating a range of symptoms, it can also come with potential side effects that you should know about.
What Is CBD Oil?
CBD - or cannabidiol, to use its full name - is an active compound found in cannabis and hemp. CBD oil is the result of extracting oil from the plant matter, isolating the CBD from the other cannabinoids and then processing it into a final formula, including adding a carrier oil that allows it to remain stable. CBD oil is one of the most common extracts from the cannabis or hemp plant.
CBD can induce a range of effects on the body by acting on receptors and other pathways. CBD doesn’t bind to most of the receptors in the endocannabinoid system like other cannabinoids can. This is one potential reason why it doesn’t induce any psychotropic effects. THC, another major cannabinoid, is instead responsible for the ‘high’ people describe when they consume cannabis.
CBD Oil Benefits
Recent research into the effects of CBD shows that it may offer a range of health benefits and also help to reduce the symptoms of some serious conditions.
CBD’s potential benefits are wide-ranging and there is evidence to support its use for all the below applications:
- Pain relief
- Anxiety treatment
- Improvement of sleep quality
- Acne reduction
The therapeutic abilities of CBD are impressive, but more research is needed into specific formulations, dosages and interaction with other medicines to fully understand how to maximize CBD’s efficacy in a safe manner.
Can CBD Oil Cause Side Effects?
CBD appears to offer significant health benefits, but are there any negative side effects to CBD oil?
The good news is that CBD is generally well-tolerated, doesn’t have addictive properties, and any adverse side effects experienced from CBD oil are typically mild.
Even though the risk of side effects from CBD oil is low, they are possible. It’s important to be aware of the side effects you could experience before choosing to try CBD oil.
Side effects that have been reported in CBD studies CBD include:
- Increased temperature
- Decreased appetite
However, for most people the side effects of CBD will be mild and infrequent, if they occur at all.
In a recent review of CBD, the World Health Organisation found that CBD did not cause withdrawal or tolerance effects in any human studies. Thus, we can conclude that dependency (addiction) issues are very unlikely to occur from CBD use.
Can You Overdose on CBD Oil?
CBD’s safety profile extends into the risk of overdose.
Current research demonstrates that CBD does not appear to have any dose that would be lethal. Very high amounts of CBD have been used safely and effectively in studies, with doses of up to 1,500 mg of CBD per day.
The way CBD interacts with the body also provides extra assurance as to the compound’s safety. Receptors that interact with CBD aren’t found in the specific areas of the brainstem that control respiration. This is important to the risk of overdose because these areas control vital organs and are often what contribute to an overdose reaction in medications such as opioids.
Does CBD Get You High?
CBD isn’t a psychotropic, so you won’t feel high when you consume it. But that doesn’t mean CBD can’t make you feel a little different.
Although CBD can’t induce intoxicating effects, technically it is “psychoactive” in the sense that it interacts with the brain and so you may experience a slight mental difference..
For example, CBD can affect your cognitive function, improving mood, anxiety, and stress levels. You might also take CBD at night because it helps you relax and get ready for bed.
Taking CBD to relax is technically “shifting” your mind, but it’s not getting you “high” in the same sense as using cannabis products that contain THC. If you are only taking CBD, you don’t have to be worried about experiencing the side effects of THC such as feeling drowsy, worried or hungry.
How to Avoid Side Effects
Although the side effects of CBD oil are mild and infrequent, it is still best to know how to prevent them.
One way to reduce your risk of CBD oil side effects is to ensure you are taking the right dosage of CBD.
Studies that involved CBD show that different CBD doses can be effective. For example, a whopping 1,500 mg of CBD was an effective dosage in one study, while as little as 40 mg also resulted in therapeutic effects in another. In the UK, current guidance is not to take more than 70mg of CBD per day.
A good way to get an idea of your ideal dosage is to consider factors that could impact how much CBD you might need. Factors such as your weight, CBD tolerance, CBD delivery method, and the severity of your symptoms will help you to understand if you need more or less CBD oil. A good rule to remember is to start low. You can always add more CBD oil to your routine as you see fit.
Does CBD Interact With Medications?
Another factor to consider when it comes to avoiding CBD oil side effects is whether you are taking any medications that could be affected by CBD.
There is a specific enzyme in the body which serves to break down and metabolise around 60% of all prescription medications. CBD may inhibit this enzyme, which could disrupt the metabolization of some medications you take. This could lead to your medications staying in your system for longer or less time than your body needs and have serious side effects.
If you’re taking any medications, be sure to consult your doctor before adding CBD to your routine.
The Bottom Line
Any side effects of CBD are usually mild, infrequent, and generally are not a problem for mostCBD consumers. For many, the therapeutic benefits of CBD oil seem to outweigh the minimal risk of any side effects.
That said, those taking other medications should take care and seek medical advice before consuming CBD.